Monday, 14 October 2013

Barney Fwank's old condo



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Way to go, Bruce Majors!
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16th and O Park
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Fwd: Libertarianism Today is out!



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Libertarianism Today
Published by
Overstock BJJ
15 October 2013
Politics Society Education Business Stories Health #libertarian #tlot
 
Today's headline
Peter Schiff : Government Creating Phony Crisis So They Can Pretend To Save Us (10/12/2013)
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LibertyPoet
thumbnail www­.dailypaul.com - They are really bringing it down to the wire this time. It seems like unease is starting to spread around the country. I haven't seen it hit the market yet because of the Fed chair announcement, bu...
 
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Fwd: [I-S] NSA collects millions of e-mail address books globally - The Washington Post



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NSA collects millions of e-mail address books globally

The National Security Agency is harvesting hundreds of millions of contact lists from personal e-mail and instant messaging accounts around the world, many of them belonging to Americans, according to senior intelligence officials and top-secret documents provided by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden.

The collection program, which has not been disclosed before, intercepts e-mail address books and "buddy lists" from instant messaging services as they move across global data links. Online services often transmit those contacts when a user logs on, composes a message, or synchronizes a computer or mobile device with information stored on remote servers.

Rather than targeting individual users, the NSA is gathering contact lists in large numbers that amount to a sizable fraction of the world's e-mail and instant messaging accounts. Analysis of that data enables the agency to search for hidden connections and to map relationships within a much smaller universe of foreign intelligence targets.

During a single day last year, the NSA's Special Source Operations branch collected 444,743 e-mail address books from Yahoo, 105,068 from Hotmail, 82,857 from Facebook, 33,697 from Gmail and 22,881 from unspecified other providers, according to an internal NSA PowerPoint presentation. Those figures, described as a typical daily intake in the document, correspond to a rate of more than 250 million a year.

Each day, the presentation said, the NSA collects contacts from an estimated 500,000 buddy lists on live-chat services as well as from the inbox displays of Web-based e-mail accounts.

The collection depends on secret arrangements with foreign telecommunications companies or allied intelligence services in control of facilities that direct traffic along the Internet's main data routes.

Although the collection takes place overseas, two senior U.S. intelligence officials acknowledged that it sweeps in the contacts of many Americans. They declined to offer an estimate but did not dispute that the number is likely to be in the millions or tens of millions.

A spokesman for the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, which oversees the NSA, said the agency "is focused on discovering and developing intelligence about valid foreign intelligence targets like terrorists, human traffickers and drug smugglers. We are not interested in personal information about ordinary Americans."

The spokesman, Shawn Turner, added that rules approved by the attorney general require the NSA to "minimize the acquisition, use and dissemination" of information that identifies a U.S. citizen or permanent resident.

The NSA's collection of nearly all U.S. call records, under a separate program, has generated significant controversy since it was revealed in June. The NSA's director, Gen. Keith B. Alexander, has defended "bulk" collection as an essential counterterrorism and foreign intelligence tool, saying, "You need the haystack to find the needle."

Contact lists stored online provide the NSA with far richer sources of data than call records alone. Address books commonly include not only names and e-mail addresses, but also telephone numbers, street addresses, and business and family information. Inbox listings of e-mail accounts stored in the "cloud" sometimes contain content, such as the first few lines of a message.

Taken together, the data would enable the NSA, if permitted, to draw detailed maps of a person's life, as told by personal, professional, political and religious connections. The picture can also be misleading, creating false "associations" with ex-spouses or people with whom an account holder has had no contact in many years.

The NSA has not been authorized by Congress or the special intelligence court that oversees foreign surveillance to collect contact lists in bulk, and senior intelligence officials said it would be illegal to do so from facilities in the United States. The agency avoids the restrictions in the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act by intercepting contact lists from access points "all over the world," one official said, speaking on the condition of anonymity to discuss the classified program. "None of those are on U.S. territory."

Because of the method employed, the agency is not legally required or technically able to restrict its intake to contact lists belonging to specified foreign intelligence targets, he said.

When information passes through "the overseas collection apparatus," the official added, "the assumption is you're not a U.S. person."

In practice, data from Americans is collected in large volumes — in part because they live and work overseas, but also because data crosses international boundaries even when its American owners stay at home. Large technology companies, including Google and Facebook, maintain data centers around the world to balance loads on their servers and work around outages.

A senior U.S. intelligence official said the privacy of Americans is protected, despite mass collection, because "we have checks and balances built into our tools."

NSA analysts, he said, may not search within the contacts database or distribute information from it unless they can "make the case that something in there is a valid foreign intelligence target in and of itself."

In this program, the NSA is obliged to make that case only to itself or others in the executive branch. With few exceptions, intelligence operations overseas fall solely within the president's legal purview. The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, enacted in 1978, imposes restrictions only on electronic surveillance that targets Americans or takes place on U.S. territory.

By contrast, the NSA draws on authority in the Patriot Act for its bulk collection of domestic phone records, and it gathers online records from U.S. Internet companies, in a program known as PRISM, under powers granted by Congress in the FISA Amendments Act. Those operations are overseen by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court.

Sen. Dianne Feinstein, the California Democrat who chairs the Senate Intelligence Committee, said in August that the committee has less information about, and conducts less oversight of, intelligence gathering that relies solely on presidential authority. She said she planned to ask for more briefings on those programs.

"In general, the committee is far less aware of operations conducted under 12333," said a senior committee staff member, referring to Executive Order 12333, which defines the basic powers and responsibilities of the intelligence agencies. "I believe the NSA would answer questions if we asked them, and if we knew to ask them, but it would not routinely report these things, and, in general, they would not fall within the focus of the committee."

Because the agency captures contact lists "on the fly" as they cross major Internet switches, rather than "at rest" on computer servers, the NSA has no need to notify the U.S. companies that host the information or to ask for help from them.

"We have neither knowledge of nor participation in this mass collection of web-mail addresses or chat lists by the government," said Google spokeswoman Niki Fenwick.

At Microsoft, spokeswoman Nicole Miller said the company "does not provide any government with direct or unfettered access to our customers' data," adding that "we would have significant concerns if these allegations about government actions are true."

Facebook spokeswoman Jodi Seth said that "we did not know and did not assist" in the NSA's interception of contact lists.

It is unclear why the NSA collects more than twice as many address books from Yahoo than the other big services combined. One possibility is that Yahoo, unlike other service providers, has left connections to its users unencrypted by default.

Suzanne Philion, a Yahoo spokeswoman, said Monday in response to an inquiry from The Washington Post that, beginning in January, Yahoo would begin encrypting all its e-mail connections.

Google was the first to secure all its e-mail connections, turning on "SSL encryption" globally in 2010. People with inside knowledge said the move was intended in part to thwart large-scale collection of its users' information by the NSA and other intelligence agencies.

The volume of NSA contacts collection is so high that it has occasionally threatened to overwhelm storage repositories, forcing the agency to halt its intake with "emergency detasking" orders. Three NSA documents describe short-term efforts to build an "across-the-board technology throttle for truly heinous data" and longer-term efforts to filter out information that the NSA does not need.

Spam has proven to be a significant problem for the NSA — clogging databases with information that holds no foreign intelligence value. The majority of all e-mails, one NSA document says, "are SPAM from 'fake' addresses and never 'delivered' to targets."

In fall 2011, according to an NSA presentation, the Yahoo account of an Iranian target was "hacked by an unknown actor," who used it to send spam. The Iranian had "a number of Yahoo groups in his/her contact list, some with many hundreds or thousands of members."

The cascading effects of repeated spam messages, compounded by the automatic addition of the Iranian's contacts to other people's address books, led to a massive spike in the volume of traffic collected by the Australian intelligence service on the NSA's behalf.

After nine days of data-
bombing, the Iranian's contact book and contact books for several people within it were "emergency detasked."

In a briefing from the NSA's Large Access Exploitation working group, that example was used to illustrate the need to narrow the criteria for data interception. It called for a "shifting collection philosophy": "Memorialize what you need" vs. "Order one of everything off the menu and eat what you want."

Julie Tate contributed to this report. Soltani is an independent security researcher and consultant.



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Re: [New post] MORE PERSECUTION of American soldiers by the Obama Regime

Army First Lieutenant Clint Lorance, a 28-year-old combat leader in the 82d Airborne Division from Celeste, TX, was recently found guilty of two counts of murder in Afghanistan and sentenced to 20 years in Ft. Leavenworth.

enemy combatants had previously used the tactics against this same platoon. Lorance, who was operating in a combat zone, saw the scout spotters and assessed them as a threat to his platoon

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there are no rules in war.
if he was 'assessed' as an enemy then kill him.
if the intel was wrong, examine it and don't make the same mistake.(i.e,. yellowcake)
To not question an order is an act of ignorance, not patriotism.



On Monday, October 14, 2013 5:53:56 PM UTC-5, Travis wrote:




BareNakedIslam posted: "If the fact that the Obama Administration has blocked aging veterans from visiting the World War II memorial and denied death gratuity benefits for fallen warriors doesn't expose blatant contempt for our military, how about this? Army First Lieutenant Cli"

New post on BARE NAKED ISLAM

MORE PERSECUTION of American soldiers by the Obama Regime

by BareNakedIslam

If the fact that the Obama Administration has blocked aging veterans from visiting the World War II memorial and denied death gratuity benefits for fallen warriors doesn't expose blatant contempt for our military, how about this? Army First Lieutenant Clint Lorance, a 28-year-old combat leader in the 82d Airborne Division from Celeste, TX, was recently found […]

Read more of this post

BareNakedIslam | October 14, 2013 at 6:50 pm | URL: http://wp.me/p276zM-YF1

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Fwd: [New post] MORE PERSECUTION of American soldiers by the Obama Regime





BareNakedIslam posted: "If the fact that the Obama Administration has blocked aging veterans from visiting the World War II memorial and denied death gratuity benefits for fallen warriors doesn't expose blatant contempt for our military, how about this? Army First Lieutenant Cli"

New post on BARE NAKED ISLAM

MORE PERSECUTION of American soldiers by the Obama Regime

by BareNakedIslam

If the fact that the Obama Administration has blocked aging veterans from visiting the World War II memorial and denied death gratuity benefits for fallen warriors doesn't expose blatant contempt for our military, how about this? Army First Lieutenant Clint Lorance, a 28-year-old combat leader in the 82d Airborne Division from Celeste, TX, was recently found […]

Read more of this post

BareNakedIslam | October 14, 2013 at 6:50 pm | URL: http://wp.me/p276zM-YF1

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Fwd: [New post] Russia's mounting internal crisis: declining population, radical Muslims, and China




Dr. Eowyn posted: "Russia's overall population is declining, but not its Muslim population. By the end of the decade, 1 in 5 Russians will be Muslim, increasing to 1 in 2 by the middle of the century. Already, Russia capital, Moscow, is home to an estimated 2.5 million Musl"
Respond to this post by replying above this line

New post on Fellowship of the Minds

Russia's mounting internal crisis: declining population, radical Muslims, and China

by Dr. Eowyn

Reblogged from Consortium of Defense Analysts:

Click to visit the original post

The Russian Federation (click map to enlarge)

Russian Federation being pulled apart

By Ilan Berman
New York Post
October 6, 2013

Don't let Vladimir Putin fool you. Russia's president may be cutting an imposing figure on the world stage these days, but his country faces a daunting future.

Today, the Russian Federation is fast approaching a massive social and political upheaval that promises to be as transformative as the USSR's demise was some two decades ago.

Read more… 939 more words

Russia's overall population is declining, but not its Muslim population. By the end of the decade, 1 in 5 Russians will be Muslim, increasing to 1 in 2 by the middle of the century. Already, Russia capital, Moscow, is home to an estimated 2.5 million Muslims — more than any other European city except for Istanbul, Turkey. Even worse, Russia's Muslims are becoming increasingly radicalized and jihadist.
~Dr. Eowyn
Dr. Eowyn | October 14, 2013 at 2:55 pm | Categories: Uncategorized | URL: http://wp.me/pKuKY-nKj

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Fwd: Iran Lays Down 'Red Lines' of its Own






http://cnsnews.com/news/article/patrick-goodenough/eve-new-nuclear-talks-iran-lays-down-red-lines-its-own

 

On Eve of New Nuclear Talks, Iran Lays Down 'Red Lines' of its Own

October 14, 2013 - 5:00 AM


By Patrick Goodenough

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Supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and President Hasan Rouhani. In the Islamic Republic, the supreme leader sets policy. (Photo: Office of the supreme leader)

(CNSNews.com) – In a move that doesn't bode well for the promise of international nuclear talks due to begin in Geneva on Tuesday, Iran said Sunday it would never agree to shipping its enriched uranium abroad, describing the issue as a "red line" for the regime.

"We will negotiate regarding the form, amount and various levels of enrichment" – but not about transferring the nuclear material to another country, official media quoted deputy foreign minister Abbas Araqchi as saying on state television.

Another "red line" was Iran's right to uranium enrichment, he said. "We will not back down one iota from what the Iranian people are entitled to under international regulations."

Iran bases this stance on the fact the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) permits all nations to develop nuclear programs for peaceful purposes. But because of deep-rooted suspicions that Iran is trying to acquire nuclear weapons capability under the guise of a civilian program the U.N. Security Council in four resolutions between 2006 and 2010 demanded that Tehran suspend "all" enrichment-related activities.

Not only has Iran defied those resolutions, but since 2010 it has been enriching uranium beyond the original 3.5 percent level – to 20 percent, the upper end of the scale of what is considered "low-enriched uranium" (LEU).

The Obama administration's chief nuclear negotiator, Wendy Sherman – who will head the U.S. delegation in Geneva – told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee earlier this month that the U.S. does "not believe there is an inherent right [in the NPT], by anyone, to enrichment."

But Sherman also declined when questioned to say categorically that the administration could not envisage a deal that would allow Iran to continue enriching uranium at home.

The upcoming round of six power (P5+1) talks involving Iran and the U.S., Britain, China, France, Russia and Germany is the first since the election of "moderate" Iranian President Hasan Rouhani, and expectations of progress in the decade-old impasse have been raised to levels not seen in years.

Rouhani is a former top nuclear negotiator and a firm supporter of the nuclear program. During his election campaign, however, he did hint at the need to balance the program with the economic needs of the people of the sanctions-hit country.

But skeptics note that supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei ultimately decides policy. (Rouhani was one of only eight candidates allowed to run after a Khamenei-appointed council rejected 678 others.)

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif will head the Iranian delegation to Geneva, although since his U.S. counterpart John Kerry is not scheduled to take part Zarif will not lead the actual negotiations. Instead Araqchi will be sitting across the table from Sherman and the other P5+1 representatives during the two days of talks.

Araqchi said Sunday Iran would present a "specific" new plan during the talks but that it also expects new proposals from the other countries involved, calling earlier ones "outdated."

Over the past eight years the P5+1 – and before it, the E.U.-3 (Britain, France and Germany) – have put forward multiple proposals aimed at resolving the standoff, but none has borne fruit.

In a separate interview Sunday, Araqchi told the IRNA state news agency that it was possible the Iranian and U.S. delegations may hold bilateral discussions on the sidelines of the P5+1 talks.

'Breakout times are growing dangerously short'

Iran's main objective in the talks is to get international sanctions lifted. The Tehran Times on Sunday highlighted wire service reports saying the U.S. delegation heading for Geneva includes a sanctions policy expert, Adam Szubin of the Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control.

Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, who during a speech at the United Nations last year literally drew a red line on a diagram to illustrate what he said was a need for a clear response to Iran's nuclear efforts, is concerned about any softening on sanctions.

In a series of interviews with European media last week he warned against any easing of sanctions ahead of a guaranteed end to Iran's uranium enrichment. Netanyahu made the same appeals during phone conversations with French President Francois Hollande and British Prime Minister David Cameron.

Kerry stressed late last month that the U.S. "is not going to lift the sanctions until it is clear that a very verifiable, accountable, transparent process is in place, whereby we know exactly what Iran is going to be doing with its program."

Still, the administration has asked lawmakers to hold off temporarily on any move to tighten the restrictions.

When she appeared before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee this month Sherman urged the Senate not to move ahead with tough new sanctions legislation – passed in the House by a 400-20 vote last July – before the Geneva talks.

Testifying at the same hearing, David Albright of the Institute for Science and International Security told the panel that Iran had produced "far more LEU than it needs," and that even a halt to enrichment now would leave it in possession of stocks "far in excess of its current needs."

Albright cited ISIS and University of Virginia calculations to estimate that, if Iran took a decision to move rapidly to build a nuclear weapons, depending on which LEU stocks and centrifuges it dedicated to the task it could produce enough weapons-grade uranium for one nuclear weapon in anywhere from just over two months to just under one month.

"These estimated breakout times today are sufficiently long enough to allow for detection by [International Atomic Energy Agency] inspectors and a military response that could end further production," he said.

"However, breakout times are growing dangerously short as Iran builds up its stock of near 20 percent LEU hexafluoride and installs more centrifuges."

 



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